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     Morris Tessler and his prize horses  1930's
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Morris Cohen and family on their
Kerhonkson farm, 1933

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Peter Kaplan,
poultry breeder
Kerhonkson, 1937

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               Jewish Farmers

Jewish immigrants seeking to farm had a powerful advocate in

Baron Maurice de Hirsh.  Hirsh used his fortune to help Jews flee urban

poverty by settling them on farms across the US and Canada.

Jewish Agricultural Society and The Jewish Farmer, a Yiddish paper, were

Hirsh projects, The JAS helped locate, and purchase farms, provide training

in agricultural practices, sanitation, English language...  it also helped

farmers attain the necessities of a Jewish community in the wilderness

including synagogues, mikvahs, and teachers for religious instruction. 


Their work was so extensive in this area, that JAS opened an office in Ellenville

in 1920. Chartered in New York in 1900, its mission was to provide Eastern

European immigrants with the training to be

 " free farmers on their own soil…"

Baron Maurice de Hirsh

JAS office, Ellenville